The areas are unique in the world
Located in the folds of the Iblei Mountains about 40 miles west of Syracuse, Pantalica is the grandest and most spectacular rock necropolis in Sicily, consisting of thousands of graves dug in the rock in five different places along the sides of the deep gorge where the river flows Anapo .
In each tomb, were found more skeletons, which suggests that once in what is now largely a wilderness precipitous live for thousands of people.
This extraordinary place is a bit 'difficult to visit by public transport, while car is easy and well marked detour on the way to Ragusa and Catania.
The graves are divided into five separate cemeteries: the oldest, to elliptical, are the necropolis north-west, the north (most shows) and the central group south of the necropolis, dating from the twelfth and eleventh centuries BC, the other, rectangular in shape, go back to the ninth and eighth centuries BC
The rocky plateau Pantalica wedged between the deep and narrow river valleys and Anapo Calcinara, overlooking the confluence and hanging over two ravines, with its lofty cliffs overhanging cliffs, where the graves are dug grottoes cell artificial that they resemble a beehive.
The site was originally used between the thirteenth and tenth centuries BC, Late Bronze Age, siculi by refugees from the coast. It is believed that this plateau since the eighth century BC was the site of Hybla, whose king invited the Greeks to colonize Megarians Thapos first and then Megara Hyblaea, some remnants of that era are visible, but pale in comparison to 5000 converted from the tombs stupendous walls, wild gorges below: it is above all these rock cemeteries that we owe the great charm of Pantalica.
In some traces were discovered several skeletons, probably belonging to family members, others show traces indicating that the same caves were used as a troglodyte cave dwellings, probably in a much later period, when Syracuse was forced to take refuge in ' inland to defend themselves from the incursions of the barbarians.
The Englishman Vincent Cronin in his The Golden Honeycomb wrote: "And 'the Sicily Stone Age, a time when the only jobs they obtain food and bury the dead. " Cronin for the free play of the nature of the gorge, embodies the particular contribution of Sicily, the marvelous works of man to whom he later enriched the conquerors of the island.
The road ends in a parking lot near the north entrance of the cemetery, the most spectacular, 6 km from Sortino. A mule through a plateau and down the river and then up on the opposite bank.
About halfway down the river meets the "bat cave, a cavity 270 m long in which numerous species of bats. We also see the graves that dot the top teams in the cliffs lining the throat and eventually the entire surface of the rock, containing artificial caves were dug into the cliffs of sheer rock faces, and their great creates a number mysterious great suggestion.
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